A Guide on How to Find and Hire a CTO for Your Startup in 2024

Article by:
Anna Polovnikova
14 min
What does a Chief Technology Officer do at a startup? And how do you find one for your team? Let's dive into the details of hiring CTOs for startups.

When you hear about CTOs, you might picture a backstage geek, right? The stereotype is all about hanging out with fellow developers and figuring out the fanciest code tricks.

But guess what? CTOs are as entrepreneurial and media-savvy as CEOs. Take Andrew Bosworth, Meta's CTO, for instance. This guy practically put augmented and virtual reality on the map. He's not just buried in code; he's the brain behind Meta's Reality Lab and the genius responsible for those Ray-Ban smart glasses that let you snap pics, listen to podcasts, and basically do the future.

So, forget the geek stereotype — CTOs can be the ones behind the whole tech startup idea, and you definitely need to hunt for the best one. Having the right CTO can make all the difference.

To help with that, we'll guide you through the 2024 edition of how to hire a CTO for your startup. From breaking down CTO responsibilities to where exactly they hang out, stay tuned. Get set for a quick tips ride!

What Are a CTO's Responsibilities? 

Can you give an example of a type of business or startup that wouldn't require a technical guy? Coming up with one isn't easy, as even the farming or greenhouse business would need some software to properly plan and track the machine's routes or soil humidity.

So, what exactly does a CTO, or Chief Technology Officer if we're getting fancy, do in a startup or company?

Simply put, they're the go-to person in the business or startup team structure responsible for all things tech in your company. This guy is well-versed in the specific technology solutions within your core niche, whether it's a crypto Play-to-Earn mobile app or SaaS payroll softwares. Even more, the CTO is the tech-savvy pro who not only understands these nuances but also ensures that your tech solutions align with your business goals.

What should you know about the role of CTOs in 2024? Primarily that it is transforming from being solely a technical expert role to becoming a strategic business leader. A lot more is expected from such a specialist, as it doesn't go down to just implementation. It's more about leveraging technology to drive business outcomes and identifying opportunities that can benefit the company both now and in the future. This is why a CTO is more commonly involved in decision-making processes at the executive level: to ensure that the tech side correlates with long-term goals, brings a competitive advantage, and drives growth.

Let's move to the specific tasks that your CTO will have to deal with for the good of your startup.

A CTO's Responsibilities

Keeping Up with the Market Trends

As we mentioned, you need to find a CTO who knows the ins and outs of your specific niche. Making sure your new product follows the best practices in your market and stands out as a competitive offering is also part of such a technical guy's job.

The Chief of Technology is the one spending countless hours reading up on technical articles, exploring new technologies, web development frameworks, and tools, attending niche events, and aggregating essential expertise that can give your product a real boost.

Product Architecture

When it comes to any digital product, be it SaaS, e-learning, or a digital marketplace, it all begins with the discovery phase. Here, your CTO steps in, leveraging their expertise and niche-specific knowledge to organize the overall tech solution or web application architecture of the final product.

While a regular developer can handle building a database, the real magic lies in making it efficient, anticipating common pitfalls, and guaranteeing that it operates well with your product's unique selling proposition (USP).

Product Roadmap

The CTO isn't just your run-of-the-mill tech person. If that were the case, any experienced developer could fit the bill, but that's not how it works. This individual needs to blend entrepreneurship, leadership, technical prowess, and top-notch communication skills at a level high enough to chart a clear product development roadmap for your product and brand.

Questions like these are all decisions that fall on the shoulders of the CTO:

Figuring out the feature prioritization for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd releases, determining their release timelines, and establishing the metrics to gauge if we're headed in the right direction are just a fraction of the responsibilities that make up the CTO's to-do list.

Leading the Development Team

Whether you've gone for an in-house team or an outsourced dedicated development crew, the CTO has the full grasp on the quality of the delivered code. Now, don't expect to find a CTO who will break down tasks for developers and assign them across the team — that's the project manager's job.

What the CTO excels at is steering the project manager and the development team in the right development direction, ensuring industry-specific best tech practices are applied, the code is well-structured and user-friendly, and the overall development process is up to snuff.

This is the person who'll stand up for your company's interests during technical interviews when recruiting software engineers and new developers, making certain that the chosen individual or team isn't just all talk but the real deal.

So, as you see, there are different areas where the expertise and skills of the chosen CTO will have to be applied. They are pretty different, right? You may already understand that finding the right guy for this position is a bit of a tough nut to crack, and you won't be wrong.

In our guide, we'll soften the shell of this nut and give you a stronger grip to find a CTO.

Why Does Your Startup Need a CTO?

We've covered a laundry list of tasks the CTO takes on, but let's bring it home to your specific situation. Picture this: you're developing a mobile app for time tracking. You've identified a demand within warehouse management companies and even got a list of interested companies. Your plan? Find a freelancer on popular freelancer platforms and manage everything solo.

Sure, you can go that route. But pause for a sec — can you guarantee that the app your freelancer hands over is scalable? Why did they suggest React Native over Flutter, and what makes one better than the other?

Now, consider another scenario. You've got a stellar business plan and secured investments from a fund. The next move? Develop and launch an MVP to prove your hypothesis. Sounds good, right? But hold up.

  • What features should make the cut for the MVP? 
  • Are you absolutely certain those features are essential for hypothesis validation and market testing? 
  • And did you ensure you're taking the most cost-effective approach when it comes to MVP development cost
  • What metrics will convince you that the product is not only in demand but hitting your target audience? 

It's these nuanced questions that a CTO tackles, ensuring you're not just going through the motions but making strategic, informed decisions for your startup.

Are you already sensing that having a tech-savvy ally by your side would benefit your venture? If you're ready for a reliable partner to take on the challenges of development, let's stay on track with a checklist of key points and traits to keep in mind as you learn how to hire a CTO.

What to Look for in a CTO

You've probably picked up on the fact that how to find a CTO for a startup is a big deal. With all the responsibilities on their plate, it's of utmost significance that this person brings a mix of solid technical and interpersonal skills to the table.

Whether you're bringing a vision to life or aiming for a new revenue stream, you want a partner who's not just skilled but also totally in sync with your goals. Building a web development team that's talented and on the same wavelength ensures you're all working toward the same vision.

For things to click, hunt down that sweet spot where innovative thinking, killer communication, an entrepreneurial mindset, and a snug culture fit all dance together.

Qualities of a perfect CTO

Visionary Leadership

Let's kick things off by emphasizing that in an attempt to find CTO for startup teams aim at someone who is ready to shoulder responsibility. They're the ones steering the entire company or startup, ensuring the chosen startup tech stack and tech direction is the most efficient. They're at the helm of the development crew, charting a course toward your shared goal.

It takes a good dose of courage — when things hit a rough patch, they're not flipping tables but diving into crisis management, getting the development back on track. That's the kind of leadership and resilience you need in a CTO.

Before you decide to hire a CTO, ensure they're up for diving into situations like that. Running through some scenario-based questions can give you a glimpse into how they'd handle real-life challenges. It's like a sneak peek into their problem-solving and decision-making style.

Technical Innovation 

Chances are, your dream CTO comes packing a ton of experience from launching and managing other products or services. Let them spill the beans, giving you the lowdown on the ins and outs of their past solutions and decisions, like the selected software development methodologies. And more importantly, what they think made the difference for the market or audience in these.

Here's a quick tip: don't stress if you can't wrap your head around all the technical intricacies your potential CTO is tossing around. That brings us to another point: communication skills. You don't need to be a tech wizard yourself. If you're not catching everything at lightning speed, no worries — it's not on you. The key is finding someone who can translate the tech talk into clear, understandable terms for you.

Effective Communication

Communication often becomes a cornerstone in the technology teams. The skill of describing complicated technology terms and solutions in an understandable format is only one thing on the list of absolutely required skills for a great CTO. Other things to consider are:

  • Listening: More than just a tech smartie, a standout CTO for startup teams is a pro listener. They're tuned in to what the team and higher-ups are saying, picking up valuable insights to make sharp decisions and build solid connections.
  • Collaborating: Your CTO invented teamwork. They make sure everyone's on the same wavelength and create an environment where different skills and ideas mesh seamlessly.
  • Negotiating: In startup life, where resources are a bit like treasure, a CTO with finesse is a bit of a negotiator. You've got to convince others why your tech needs matter, make a compelling case for resources and reasonable startup budget spend, and find win-win solutions that keep everyone smiling.
  • Adapting and cheerleading: You know that startups are as stable as a rollercoaster. A stellar CTO doesn't just roll with the punches; they ride the ups and downs with adaptability. Also, they throw in a generous sprinkle of empathy, keep the team motivated, and make sure your millennials and Gen-Z teammates are still having a blast, even when things get a bit wild.

Startup Culture Fit

To find a CTO who understands the assignment, aim for a person who aligns with both your personal values and your company's goals. Whether it's a focus on being a carbon-neutral business or a vegan food delivery, finding someone tech-savvy and sharing your values is a smart move.

Sure, it might narrow down your search a bit, but on the flip side, it boosts the likelihood of a collaboration that is successful and free from major mismatches. It's about building a team that is skilled and shares the same ethos.

Pro tip: don't go all in on one thing — like some companies just obsessing over finding the perfect cultural fit. But, if your new CTO is a vegan who just jumped ship from Google, don't expect them to master iOS development overnight. Keep the balance!

Now that we've gone through some key points to keep in mind during the hunt for your main technical partner, let's map out a plan on how to find a CTO who'll propel your startup to new heights in the technology realm.

Looking for a reliable CTO to manage your tech?

Upsilon can lend you a Chief Technology Officer together with a well-versed team of developers. The two-in-one result? C-level tech guidance and top-notch assistance with your tech needs.

Let's Talk

Looking for a reliable CTO to manage your tech?

Upsilon can lend you a Chief Technology Officer together with a well-versed team of developers. The two-in-one result? C-level tech guidance and top-notch assistance with your tech needs.

Let's Talk

How to Find a CTO for Your Startup

Shifting from words to action. Wondering what precisely you should do to unearth the perfect technical partner for your startup?

Finding a CTO may sound like an obvious task, but the standard job posting template won't cut it here the way it might for a regular employee. You can use it as a starting point on a template, but crafting it will require some effort.

Position requirements should thoroughly cover the details of what your company is about, its values, and the emphasis you place on these values. Remember, you're not just looking for a skilled techie; you're seeking a partner who aligns with your vision.

Highlight the key questions you expect your future CTO to answer. Fortunately, you've got a slew of questions outlined in the article to kickstart this. Review and adapt them to your company's nature, and proceed.

Define the expertise your ideal CTO should bring to the table, too. While finding a perfect fit right away is a rarity, this isn't a position to rush. Spell out in intricate detail the experience your future CTO must possess, the markets they've worked in, and the specific technologies they should be well-versed in. Dive into the smallest details to narrow down the list of potential candidates.

How to Hire a CTO for a Startup

So, your shortcut CTO-hunting scenario will more likely look like this:

  1. Define the tech stuff: Pin down what tech skills your CTO needs. Are you building apps? Websites? AI-powered toasters? Be clear.
  2. Scout the innovation scene: Look for someone who is not just techie but bursting with fresh ideas. You want a CTO who's the Steve Jobs of your startup. Check their social media for signs of them geeking out over the latest tech trends. During the interview, toss them a curveball question about their wildest tech dream.
  3. Set a culture coffee date: Coffee or virtual hangout — whatever works. Ensure they blend into your startup culture like sugar in coffee.
  4. Talk, talk, talk: No tech babble. Can they explain the cool tech stuff in plain English? If yes, they might be your person.
  5. Check the greatest hits: Past projects matter. Check their track record. Did they build awesome things before?
  6. Asses tech surfing skills: Tech waves change. Your CTO needs to ride the latest ones. Make sure they're adaptable to new tech trends.
  7. Seek for a networking Sherlock: A CTO with connections is a cheat code. Check if they know people who know people.
  8. Look into their eyes: Or, precisely, look for that fire in their eyes. You want a CTO who's not just in it for the paycheck but because they love the startup environment and what you are about to build together.

Perfect match!

Finally, spread the word about the position among people you know and admire to start things out. But hold onto your hat — this is just one trick in the bag. It's the straightforward approach, but not necessarily the silver bullet for finding the perfect fit. There's a whole toolbox of strategies to get those A-game candidates intrigued.

Where to Find a CTO?

Since the task to hire a CTO is not the same as hiring a developer or designer, the approach will differ as well. We'll lay down the most popular approaches to finding the right person.

Where to Find a CTO for a Startup

Online Professional Platforms

Alright, first of all — get your company out there on the big players like Linkedin, Glassdoor, Indeed, and The Ladders. Make it pop with a fully loaded company page — use distinct startup branding and spill the details. Once you toss that job description into the ring, expect replies to roll in. 

Make sure you either tag in someone reliable to sift through those CVs and schedule interviews, or carve out some quality time in your own schedule to dive into the talent pool yourself — it will definitely help you to hire a CTO.

Pro tip: don't forget about the smaller and more niche players and startup groups like AngelList, Upwork, Authentic Jobs, Snaphunt, Stack Overflow, or GitHub. That's where you often know people are in tech for life and think entrepreneurial.

Industry Events and Conferences

Being the head honcho of your startup, you've got the inside scoop on what's happening in your industry. Keep those CEO antennae up for both online and offline events and conferences. Dive into the attendee list and go hunting for CTO and pre-CTO types — think VP of engineering, development leads, and solution architects. These are the folks you want on your radar. Check out their experience and see if it aligns with what you need.

Now, when it comes to in-person events, they're not just the free snacks and swag. They're prime opportunities to expand your network. It's like hitting two birds with one stone — you might meet people who can hook you up with the right people, or better yet, you could stumble upon your dream partner right there at the event.

Plus, you get the bonus of sizing up their soft skills in real time, building that connection, and getting a feel for each other. Double win.

Executive Search Firms

Everything we just laid out might seem like a bit of a mountain to climb, huh?

Well, when a bunch of people are dealing with the same stuff, you bet there are specialists out there to lend a hand. If you don't want to bother how to find a CTO for your startup, enter the executive search firms — these are the experts in the game. They can take this whole hiring task off your plate, from talent hunting to pre-screening and tech interviews.

Your job? Just give a thumbs up or down after checking out their talent review and have a chat with the cream of the crop. It's a bit on the pricey side, but it's like hiring a pro team for your recruitment journey. Of course, if you're just kickstarting your startup, you might want to explore some other avenues.

Pro tip: be sure to stay engaged in the process while delegating it. You need executives to be as much aware of who you are and what and how you do it as you are. Consider filling the job description together and brainstorming the CTO's persona.

Alternative Ways of Filling CTO's Position

There are a few other ways to fill this essential position, which have their own pros and cons. You may keep them in mind and see if any of these match your current situation and your company's expectations.

Interim CTO

How to find a CTO for a short period of time? An interim CTO is your go-to during those in-between phases. They bring quick expertise, covering your back during transitions or specific projects. But remember, it's a short-term fix; they might lack the long-term vision, so make sure they blend smoothly into the team vibe.


Double the brains, double the power! Co-CTOs tag-team the leadership, offering a mix of skills and flexibility. It's like having two superheroes to cover your tech needs. Just watch out for communication snags. With great power comes the need for great coordination to avoid clashes in decision-making.

On-Demand CTO as a Service

An on-demand CTO as a Service (CaaS) is your on-call hero if you're looking for a tech guru on speed dial. Many perceive this path as a way of getting quick, specialized skills. They see such a borrowed CTO more as a consultant who's great for a quick fix, getting an outside opinion, or professional help with something like tech due diligence (and you only pay for what you need). But this doesn't necessarily have to be an upon-request role.

Full-Time CTO with a Managed Dedicated Team

Some vendors, like Upsilon, provide a two-in-one combo: a CTO as a Service together with a dedicated team. In this scenario, the whole project is orchestrated by an expert CTO who manages an experienced, battle-tested team that has worked together side-by-side for years. It's a great turnkey alternative that ensures quality delivery in short time frames. Not to mention that it omits lots of implied headaches like finding in-house developers to hire, onboarding them, getting them to work "in tune" with each other, or worrying that the part-time or temporary CTO won't get your internal vibe or get along with your team.

Interim CTO vs Co-CTO vs CaaS vs CaaS + Dedicated Team

Different options to hire a CTO, and diverse ways to apply them to your case, right? For simpler decision-making, just use the comparison chart to navigate this new-wave path to finding the best candidate.

Aspect Interim CTO Co-CTO CTO as a Service CaaS + Dedicated Team
Quick Tech Fix Rapid expertise during transitions or projects Two brains, double the tech or niche power On-call guy for quick and specialized needs Tasks of various complexity can be handled by the CTO's own team
Flexibility Short-term solution for immediate needs Adaptable leadership with a mix of skills Pay-as-you-go for flexibility in engagement Adaptable, including the managed team composition
Cost Efficiency Cost-effective for short-term requirements Shared responsibilities can optimize costs Pay for specific services, reducing fixed costs Cost-effective compared to full-time in-house roles
Risk Mitigation Minimizes risk during leadership transitions Redundancy and continuity in leadership Lower risk compared to a full-time commitment Low risk of turnkey delivery compared to full-time in-house
Specialized Skills Brings specific skills for particular situations Complementary skills for a well-rounded team Access to diverse, specialized expertise C-level tech guidance and quality delivery by an experienced team
Long-Term Vision Lacks long-term commitment and strategic vision Potential for conflicts in decision-making Limited involvement in long-term planning On-demand involvement in long-term planning
Integration Challenges May face challenges blending into the team Communication is key for effective coordination Limited integration with internal dynamics No integration challenges since the CTO brings on his own dedicated team
Team Coordination Short-term nature may impact team cohesion Requires strong collaboration for cohesive leadership External entities may not fully understand internal dynamics An external CTO manages his own dedicated team and communicates with the client
Dependency on Model On the interim leader's availability On both co-CTOs for decision-making On the external service provider's availability On the external service provider and the client's needs
Cost Over Time Cumulative costs can be high over an extended period Shared costs may still be high in the long run Ongoing costs for services can add up over time Turnkey CaaS services can be cost-effective compared to internal hiring
Comparison of the Alternative Ways to Fill the CTO Position

Struggling to find a CTO and get the engine running?

Upsilon is here to help non-technical founders. You can count on the expertise of the Chief Technology Officers from our talent pool. But you can also get the combo: a whole managed team led by a CTO as your topping.

Get a FREE Consultation

Struggling to find a CTO and get the engine running?

Upsilon is here to help non-technical founders. You can count on the expertise of the Chief Technology Officers from our talent pool. But you can also get the combo: a whole managed team led by a CTO as your topping.

Get a FREE Consultation

Happy Hunting for a G.O.A.T. CTO!

Hiring a CTO is thorny — they have to be able to juggle three key areas: tech, business, and team management. For startups, snagging such a high-caliber pro can be a challenge, given their usual preference for established companies and higher salaries.

Now, here's the trick — it's not all about the big bucks. To find a CTO, showcase your startup's exciting challenges and solid success potential. Consider their purpose and skill set too, ensuring a comfortable fit. Basically, when all's said and done, just throw them a sweet slice of the pie, don't be greedy.

If the answer to how to hire a CTO for a startup seems like a distant dream, no worries! There are alternatives like taking on both roles, outsourcing, or bringing in a seasoned senior in the early stages. For instance, Upsilon offers CTO as a service to assist you with your requests. Importantly, we don't offer just C-level tech guidance. We're talking an interim or part-time CTO together with a reliable team with a custom team composition that can bring your project to life. An expert CTO plus a professional team combo bring full dedication to the table, ensuring high-quality results. Just find what works best for your startup, and feel free to contact us if you need a hand!


1. What is a CTO responsible for?

A Chief Technology Officer makes all the technology-related calls in a company. It's the go-to tech person who decides on the tech stack, architecture, and other fundamentals, forms the product development roadmap, ensures the efficiency of tech processes, coordinates the tech team, and makes certain that the technological side is in tune with the overall business objectives at all times. This person is the driver of innovation, the one who has extensive tech and niche knowledge, and knows how to give the solution a competitive edge.

2. Do early-stage startups need a CTO?

It depends on the solution the startup is building. If it relies heavily on tech, then getting guidance from a CTO certainly won't do harm. Having an in-house CTO may be expensive, though, so this is why many seek a technical co-founder.

3. How can a startup find a CTO?

Many startups without technical founders or co-founders seek to hire CTOs for the role. However, it's a tough endeavor, as their salary expectations are high, and not all wish to take the risk of joining a startup. If a startup at an early stage can't find a CTO, there are alternatives like turning to a CTO-as-a-service.

4. How is the CTO role changing in 2024?

A CTO's areas of responsibility have expanded due to post-pandemic market shifts and recent global economic changes. More is expected of a CTO, especially regarding the strategic business side. This is why many CTOs are included in C-level decision-making, as the tech initiatives have to align with business goals and put them in focus.

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