Information architecture (IA) is the science of organizing and structuring the content of websites, web and mobile applications, and social media software. Richard Saul Wurman, an American architect and graphic designer, is recognized as the founder of IA. Today, the Information Architecture Institute consists of numerous specialists dedicated to IA development. IA involves determining how to arrange the components of something to make it understandable.
The goal of information architecture is to organize content in a way that allows users to easily navigate and find what they need with minimal effort. The structure of the content depends on several factors. IA experts take into account the specific needs of the target audience, as user satisfaction is a top priority in IA. Additionally, the structure is influenced by the type of product and the offerings of companies. Information architecture has become a fundamental discipline in various fields, including design and software development.